Expository Writing

by Danny Duval 3177 A
| Importance of Expository Writing | Different Types of Expository Writing [1] | Importance of Expository Writing | Steps to Essay Writing [3] | | Resources for Activities | Example of Activity | References What is Expository Writing?

Expository writing is the result of a factual and informative work of literature. The author is giving facts on a subject in which they already have knowledge or are currently researching. The author must continue to provide additional information through his writing. This allows the author to continue studying an area that interests the student.

Importance of Expository Writing

Expository writing is an important skills for all students. Students must learn the fundamentals of expository writing at a young age and continue top improve throughout their education. Students must have the ability to write a number of different essays. This will help the students succeed in all subjects at school. Many evaluation are used through a form of essay or paper. Expository writing skills will also help students express their thoughts verbally.

Different Types of Expository Writing [1]

Five different types of essays are used for expository writing. The difference between the five different writing methods is the way that the author portraits his information using a specific method. This helps the reader understand the information that is being presented and it also facilitates the writing process used by the author.

  1. Descriptive essay: this is used to describe specifics about a certain topic. This information can be about either an object or a person. For example would be describing Terry Fox's life and what he accomplished.
  2. Sequential essay: this type of essay is using the timeline method. This means that you a describing the events that happened in relation to which event took place first. An example would be the order of events during a war.
  3. Comparative essay: This is when two different objects people or events that are similar are detailed to see some similarities and differences that had occurred specific to the subject. A perfect example would be the differences between World War I and World War II.
  4. Cause and Effect essay: this method of expository writing is very theoretical. It basically says that if this event took place then this would be the results of that action. A very real life example would be if you drive too fast you may get into an accident.
  5. Problem and Solution essay: This type of expository essay is used most often in scientific theories. This is often when a problem is brought forward and they are looking to explain the reasoning behind it. May be through research or the use of an experiment.

Importance of Expository Writing

"Acentral goal of the Writing strand is to promote students’ growth as confident writers and researchers who can communicate competently using a range of forms and styles to suit specific purposes and audiences and correctly applying the conventions of language – grammar, usage, spelling, and punctuation. These conventions are best learned in the context of meaningful and creative writing activities that allow students to develop the ability to think and write clearly and effectively." [2]
Here the Ontario ministry shows in the curriculum that it remains vital that all students know how to write the different types of essays in order to describe their ideas. It helps the students find different ways to communicate their ideas.

Steps to Essay Writing [3]

  1. Select a topic
  2. The writer must complete a thesis statement. It is important that the thesis statement remains specific to the subject. When the thesis statement becomes too broad it is difficult to form a strong and precise essay.
  3. Select the method of development that will be used in the essay. This basically means selecting one of the five different expository writing essays.
  4. You must make sure that you organize your essay. The author must know how they will express their ideas throughout their essay and how they will arrange their paragraphs.
  5. Each body paragraph must have a topic sentence. This describes what the paragraph will explain.
  6. Compose the body of each paragraph.
  7. You must then compose the introduction essay that includes your thesis statement and what you will be talking about in your body paragraphs.
  8. You must have a concluding paragraph. This again states your thesis paragraph. It also bring a conclusion to your essay that is very complete will all the information that you provided.

Resources for Activities

These are activities that may be used to have students practices expository writing.
Kindergarden- Grade 12
Essay Genres and Thesis Statement
Expository Writing explained with activities
How to Teach Expository Writing in MIddle School

Example of Activity

A teacher may use many different activities to assess expository writing. One simple activity that could be used in class is as follows:
- The teacher provides the students with an essay.
- The teacher asks the students to identify the thesis statement.
- Once the students has accomplished that activity, the teacher provides the students with an essay that does not include the introduction of the story.
- The students must create the introduction paragraph to the text.
This helps the teacher create a summative assessment to whether or not the student has grasp on to the concept of a thesis statement. The second part of the activity will help show the teacher that the students are able to create an introduction paragraph. It also shows the students that it is not necessary to create your introduction paragraph before beginning to write an essay


Types of essays [1]
Ontarin English Curriculum [2]
Steps to writing an essay [3]
Ontario Curriculum Grade 1-8
Ontario Curriculum Grade 9-10
Ontario Curriculum Grade 11-12